Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice

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Volume 50 Issue 1 (March 1977), Pages 1-111

Adjustment and war bereavement–Some considerations (pages 1-9)

Forty‐seven parents from 25 families who had lost a son in the War of Attrition of 1969–1970 were interviewed in the course of this study. The interviews teok place 2–3 years after the bereavement.

The purpose of the study was an assessment of personal adjustment of bereaved parents, and an examination of background and behavioural characteristics which might differentiate between parents making a better and less good adjustment to the loss of a son.

To this end data were collected via semistructured interviews. Non‐objective variables: religiosity, social interpersonal relationships and adjustment were rated by independent judges. Reliability of interjudge agreement ranged from 0·67 to 1·00.

Hypotheses were tested using correlation matrices. The hypothesis stating a positive relationship of high religiosity and good adjustment was not confirmed.

The results suggest a very significant relationship between good adjustment and level of education (r = 0·668, α > 0·01). Level of education was responsible for most of the variance and thus made impossible an answer regarding the relationship between religiosity and recovery after bereavement.

To elucidate religiosity's function in adjustment, control of education level would be necessary. While this was not done in the present study, a further research plan was suggested.

The hypothesis stating a positive correlational relationship between adjustment and interpersonal skills as reflected in social contacts and marital relations was confirmed (r = 0·735, r = 0·573, α > 0·01).

The findings of this study suggest that individuals who have suffered a severe stress, may gain strength, encouragement and compensation when their life style includes higher educational level and satisfying interactions with other people.

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