Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice

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Volume 50 Issue 3 (September 1977), Pages 209-304

Personality correlates of study difficulty and academic performance in university students. II. Conscience and self‐esteem (pages 275-281)

Scales measuring self‐esteem and conscience have been included in a further study of work‐related symptoms in students. Two groups were tested: a group of patients attending the UCL Student Health Centre for psychological reasons, and a group of normal controls. Conscience and self‐esteem were inversely related to one another. Both tests were reliable and differentiated between the groups. The patients tend to have low self‐esteem, high conscience, and to score higher than controls both on neurotic symptoms as such as measured by a personality inventory (MHQ) and as assessed on work‐related symptoms measured by our study difficulty questionnaire (UCLSQ). In terms of academic performance, an interesting subgroup of students was delineated who are rated highly by their tutors but who appear subjectively troubled with phobic anxiety, low self‐esteem and a harsh conscience structure. The conscience and self‐esteem scales, in view of their brevity, acceptable reliability, and in terms of the relationships discussed in this paper, will be retained for further research.

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