Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice

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Volume 53 Issue 2 (June 1980), Pages 95-192

Neuroticism, social desirability and anticipations and attributions affecting self‐disclosure (pages 169-180)

The first part of this research, a questionnaire study on 260 single British males, found neuroticism to be inversely related to need for social approval, thus raising an issue about the validity of the EPI‐N scale. From the second part, a laboratory study with 48 subjects selected by the questionnaire study, there were four main findings: (1) an earlier finding, that most subjects tended in the direction of a double standard in which they anticipated more risk stemming from their own than from their friend's negative self‐disclosures, was replicated highly significantly; (2) neuroticism was not associated significantly with differences in anticipated reactions for either negative or positive self‐disclosures; (3) there was a large and highly significant main effect for order, with those subjects who first rated their own reactions to their friend's negative self‐disclosures anticipating being esteemed less negatively than those who first rated their friend's reactions to their own negative self‐disclosures; and (4) there were significant differences for some characteristics between self‐attribution and friend's attribution after negative self‐disclosure. Practical implications of the above findings are explored.

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