Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice

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Volume 69 Issue 1 (March 1996), Pages 1-84

Overconfidence and personal evaluations of social rank (pages 59-68)

Research on confidence judgements suggests that people are often overconfident. However, some studies have found that depressed mood reduces this positive bias. To date this has been explained as a mood phenomenon. In this study we explore an alternative theory which suggests that confidence is related to internal judgements of social rank and status. This theory suggests that the lower one perceives oneself to be in status and rank the less one can afford to be overconfident. Data from a student population suggests that confidence judgements are associated with internal judgements of status.

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