International Journal of Selection and Assessment

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Volume 5 Issue 2 (April 1997), Pages 91-148

Group Differences on US Air Force Pilot Selection Tests (pages 115-127)

Sex and ethnic group differences were examined on the operational composites and tests used to select applicants for US Air Force officer commissioning programmes and for pilot training. Results showed that large mean score differences in applicant samples were substantially reduced among the pilot trainees. Despite differences in test performance, there was no evidence of differential validity for groups. When group differences in predicted pilot training completion rate were observed, performance was overestimated for the minority group relative to the majority group. When regression equations were adjusted for unreliability of the predictors, the observed differences in intercepts were reduced or eliminated. No prediction bias was observed against the minority groups.

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