Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology

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Volume 5 Issue 4 (October 1995), Pages fmi-fmi, 221-289

Job‐role quality and women's psychological well‐being: Locus of control and social support as moderators (pages 259-272)


Despite the recognition that the stress‐buffering effect of social support may in part be due to its relation to locus of control, no study on women's roles to date has considered both locus of control and social support in the prediction of psychological functioning. The present study was intended to test the three‐way interaction between job‐role quality, locus of control and support in relation to two measures of women's psychological well‐being (happiness and symptoms of distress). This study was based on cross‐sectional data.

In the English sample of 109 employed women, the results provided evidence of the threee‐way interaction between job challenge, locus of control and work support in predicting happiness. Neither locus of control nor work support independently moderated the effects of job challenge. However, locus of control and work support combined interactively to moderate the impact of job challenge on happiness. As predicted, support interacted with job challenge only for internals; no such interaction effect was observed for externals. For distress, no significant interaction was found.

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