Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology

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Volume 7 Issue 1 (February 1997), Pages 1-101

Central‐Eastern European Collective Experiences (pages 77-87)


The social‐psychological phenomena in the post‐communist countries of Central‐Eastern Europe can be understood only if studied in terms of their pre‐communist past. These countries have a complex history. The events relating to dictatorship, democracy and nation are particularly conspicuous. The present study examines the meanings of the terms ‘dictatorship’, ‘democracy’ and ‘nation’ in Hungary, from 1973 until 1995, using the semantic differential. It is argued that the changes in the meanings of these terms can be explained in terms of socio‐political changes in Hungary. (© 1997 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.)

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