Journal of Applied Social Psychology

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Volume 25 Issue 19 (October 1995), Pages 1671-1764

Coping Effectiveness: A Path Analysis of Self‐Efficacy, Control, Coping, and Performance in Sport Competitions (pages 1726-1746)

We examined a model of coping effectiveness based on Lazarus and Folkman's (1984) stress and coping theory and Bandura's (1986) social cognitive theory. Female athletes (n= 178) aged 16 to 28 were studied over two rounds of a sport event. Path analysis (LISREL VI) revealed that higher levels of self‐efficacy and control appraisals were associated with better performance. As expected, performance and performance satisfaction in Round 1 influenced appraisals and coping during the second performance. In addition, control appraisal was associated with disengagement coping, and both engagement and disengagement coping were related to performance and performance satisfaction. Self‐efficacy mediated the performance/control relationship for Round 1, but not the performance satisfaction relationship.

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