Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice

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Volume 79 Issue 1 (March 2006), Pages 1-149

Interpersonal sensitivities: Their links to mood, anger and gender (pages 37-51)

This paper explores two interpersonal sensitivities (to rejection and to social put‐down) in a group of 54 depressed men and 50 depressed women. Measures of anhedonia, anxiety, anger, social comparison, and submissive behaviour were also obtained. We found no differences in rejection sensitivity, anger, anhedonia, or anxiety between the sample of depressed men and women. Depressed women rated themselves as more submissive and more inferior than depressed men, and blamed themselves more for being criticized and put‐down by other people. Principal components analysis (PCA) revealed three underlying factors: mood (including anxiety and depression), internalization (related to self‐blame and feelings of low rank), and externalization (related to anger and blaming others for criticism). For both men and women internalization was significantly correlated with depression. However, externalization was negatively related to depression in women, but positively related to depression in men.

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