British Journal of Developmental Psychology

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Volume 23 Issue 4 (November 2005), Pages 487-660

Phonological coding in reading of deaf children: Pseudohomophone effects in lexical decision (pages 525-542)

The purpose of this study was to find new evidence for phonological coding in written word recognition among deaf Dutch children. A lexical decision task was presented to 48 severely and profoundly deaf children aged from 6 years 8 months to 13 years 5 months, and a control group of Grade 1 hearing children matched on written word recognition. Sixteen pseudohomophones were introduced, closely matched on orthographic similarity with 16 control pseudo‐words. Both hearing children and deaf children made significantly more mistakes on pseudohomophones than on control pseudo‐words. Although pseudohomophony effects were smaller for deaf than for hearing participants, the findings were taken as evidence that deaf children also used phonological coding during written word recognition.

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