International Journal of Selection and Assessment

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Volume 8 Issue 1 (March 2000), Pages 1-39

A Cross‐Modal Comparison of Telephone and Face‐to‐Face Selection Interviews in Graduate Recruitment (pages 16-21)

Although there has been an increase in the use of telephone interviews for graduate recruitment by companies in the UK, there is little evidence attesting to their equivalence with traditional face‐to‐face selection interviews. A total of 70 candidates applying to a multinational oil corporation received both face‐to‐face and telephone interviews as the first stage of the 1996 graduate recruitment milkround. Group A (N = 41) received an initial face‐to‐face interview followed by a telephone interview and group B (N = 29) a telephone interview followed by a face‐to‐face interview. Findings indicate that candidates received significantly lower ratings when interviewed by telephone than when interviewed face‐to‐face (p ≤ 0.001). A significant interaction was also found (p ≤ 0.05) with candidates who received face‐to‐face interviews following telephone interviews demonstrating improved performance in their face‐to‐face interviews. The practical implications of these findings for companies wishing to use telephone interviews are discussed.

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