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Volume 28 Issue 2 (May 2019), Pages 253-498

Children’s reasoning about unequal gender‐based distributions (pages 465-481)

Abstract Children ages 7 (N = 56, Mage = 7.24, SD = 0.83), 9 (N = 55, Mage = 9.25, SD = 0.52), and 11 (N = 52, Mage = 11.60, SD = 0.79), and emerging adults (N = 50, Mage = 20.76, SD = 0.87) judged distributions of different items to boys and girls, when the items distributed varied by gender valence (related or unrelated to gender norms) and equivalency (equivalent or unequal). Distributions were judged to be acceptable most when the items were consistent with gender norms, especially for participants at ages 7 and 9, indicating that in middle childhood, children judge unequal treatment as fair when it is related to gender norms. Items were judged to be more likable when they were gendered, and likability judgments predicted more positive evaluations of the distributions, even when controlling for age.

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