Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology

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Volume 90 Issue 1 (March 2017), Pages 1-128

Cross‐cultural differences in self‐promotion: A study of self‐citations in management journals (pages 77-94)

We study cross‐cultural differences in self‐promotion by comparing the self‐citation behaviour of scholarly authors originating from individualist and collectivist cultures, using original data on 1,346 journal articles published between 2009 and 2014 in the fields of Management and Business. Our main finding is that articles by authors from individualist cultures are about twice as likely to contain many self‐citations. Our results confirm the presence of a gender gap in self‐citations, but we show that this effect is smaller than the cultural effect and that the effect appears to be stable across cultures. These findings show that the structure of rewards and costs associated with particular self‐promotion tactics differ from culture to culture. Implications of cultural variations in self‐promotion are discussed.

Practitioner points

  • We develop theory and provide empirical evidence about cultural and gender differences in self‐promoting behaviour.
  • As the workforce diversifies, a broader awareness of these differences might affect the actions of both employees and HR departments.

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