Key Reading for the BPS Annual Conference 2014: New directions in human neuroscience

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Read key content from the BPS journals on the 2014 conference theme - New directions in human neuroscience

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Published: 29 Apr 2014

Impulsivity and apathy in Parkinson's disease Journal Article

Edited by: Nihal Sinha, Sanjay Manohar, Masud Husain

  • DOI: 10.1111/jnp.12013
  • Published Date: April 29, 2013

Impulse control disorders (ICDs) and apathy are recognized as two important neuropsychiatric syndromes associated with Parkinson's disease (PD), but as yet we understand very little about the cognitive mechanisms underlying them. Here, we review emerging findings, from both human and animal studies, that suggest that impulsivity and apathy are opposite extremes of a dopamine‐dependent spectrum of motivated decision making. We first argue...

Published in: Journal of Neuropsychology - Volume 7 Issue 2 (September 2013)

Neuroimaging of brain changes associated with cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease Journal Article

Edited by: Leigh Christopher, Antonio P. Strafella

  • DOI: 10.1111/jnp.12015
  • Published Date: April 1, 2013

Cognitive impairment occurs frequently in Parkinson's disease (PD) and the concept of Mild Cognitive Impairment in PD (PD‐MCI) has recently emerged. Patients with mild impairment are at risk of developing dementia, and thus it is a topic of growing interest. Many previous studies have investigated the neural correlates of cognitive impairment, in particular executive dysfunction, in PD patients without dementia using neuroimaging...

Published in: Journal of Neuropsychology - Volume 7 Issue 2 (September 2013)

Time to get rid of the ‘Modular’ in neuropsychology: A unified theory of anosognosia as aberrant predictive coding Journal Article

Edited by: Aikaterini Fotopoulou

  • DOI: 10.1111/jnp.12010
  • Published Date: March 7, 2013

Cognitive neuroscience, being more inclusive and ambitious in scope than cognitive neuropsychology, seems to have taken the place of the latter within the modern neurosciences. Nevertheless, recent advances in the neurosciences afford neuropsychology with epistemic possibilities that simply did not exist even 15 years ago. Human lesion studies still have an important role to play in shaping such possibilities, particularly when...

Published in: Journal of Neuropsychology - Volume 8 Issue 1 (March 2014)

Journey to the edges: Social structures and neural maps of inter‐group processes Journal Article

Edited by: Susan T. Fiske

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8309.2011.02092.x
  • Published Date: March 21, 2012

This article explores boundaries of the intellectual map of inter‐group processes, going to the macro (social structure) boundary and the micro (neural systems) boundary. Both are illustrated by with my own and others’ work on social structures and on neural structures related to inter‐group processes. Analysing the impact of social structures on inter‐group processes led to insights about distinct forms of sexism and underlies current...

Published in: British Journal of Social Psychology - Volume 51 Issue 1 (March 2012)

Three requirements for justifying an educational neuroscience Journal Article

Edited by: George G Hruby

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8279.2012.02068.x
  • Published Date: March 16, 2012

Background. Over the past quarter century, efforts to bridge between research in the neurosciences and research, theory, and practice in education have grown from a mere hope to noteworthy scholarly sophistication. Many dedicated educational researchers have developed the secondary expertise in the necessary neurosciences and related fields to generate both empirical research and theoretical syntheses of noteworthy promise. Nonetheless,...

Published in: British Journal of Educational Psychology - Volume 82 Issue 1 (March 2012)

Comparative neuropsychology of adult obsessive‐compulsive disorder and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Implications for a novel executive overload model of OCD Journal Article

Edited by: Amitai Abramovitch, Reuven Dar, Haggai Hermesh, Avraham Schweiger

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-6653.2011.02021.x
  • Published Date: December 2, 2011

Research implicates frontostriatal pathophysiology in both attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive‐compulsive disorder (OCD). Nevertheless, ADHD is characterized with frontostriatal hypoactivity and OCD with hyperactivity. Furthermore, both disorders seem to lie on opposite ends of a clinical impulsive‐compulsive continuum. While never having directly been compared, and despite these differences, OCD and ADHD appear...

Published in: Journal of Neuropsychology - Volume 6 Issue 2 (September 2012)

Dissociable neural systems for analogy and metaphor: Implications for the neuroscience of creativity Journal Article

Edited by: Oshin Vartanian

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8295.2011.02073.x
  • Published Date: October 3, 2011

Two recent reviews of the neuroimaging literature on creativity have pointed to inconsistent findings across studies, calling into question the usefulness of the theoretical constructs motivating the search for its neural bases. However, it is argued that consistent patterns of neural activation do emerge when the cognitive process and the neuroimaging method are kept uniform across studies. To demonstrate this empirically, the activation...

Published in: British Journal of Psychology - Volume 103 Issue 3 (August 2012)

Re‐imagining motor imagery: Building bridges between cognitive neuroscience and sport psychology Journal Article

Edited by: Aidan Moran, Aymeric Guillot, Tadhg MacIntyre, Christian Collet

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8295.2011.02068.x
  • Published Date: September 7, 2011

One of the most remarkable capacities of the mind is its ability to simulate sensations, actions, and other types of experience. A mental simulation process that has attracted recent attention from cognitive neuroscientists and sport psychologists is motor imagery or the mental rehearsal of actions without engaging in the actual physical movements involved. Research on motor imagery is important in psychology because it provides an...

Published in: British Journal of Psychology - Volume 103 Issue 2 (May 2012)

A cue‐based approach to ‘theory of mind’: Re‐examining the notion of automaticity Journal Article

Edited by: Tamsin C. German, Adam S. Cohen

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-835X.2011.02055.x
  • Published Date: August 23, 2011

The potential utility of a distinction between ‘automatic (or spontaneous) and implicit’ versus ‘controlled and explicit’ processes in theory of mind (ToM) is undercut by the fact that the terms can be employed to describe different but related distinctions within cognitive systems serving that function. These include distinctions in the underlying cognitive systems, processes, or representations involved in ToM, distinctions among...

Published in: British Journal of Developmental Psychology - Volume 30 Issue 1 (March 2012)

Design sequences for sensory studies: Achieving balance for carry‐over and position effects Journal Article

Edited by: B. A. S. Nonyane, C. M. Theobald

  • DOI: 10.1348/000711006X114568
  • Published Date: December 24, 2010

In sequences of human sensory assessments, the response toa stimulus may be influenced by previous stimuli. When investigating this phenomenon experimentally with several types or levels of stimulus, it is useful to have treatment sequences which are balanced for first‐order carry‐over effects. The requirement of balance for each experimental participant leads us to consider sequences of n symbols comprising an initial symbol followed by...

Published in: British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology - Volume 60 Issue 2 (November 2007)

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