A Collection of articles by the keynote speakers of the BPS Annual 2013
Published: 14 Mar 2013
Relationships and the social brain: Integrating psychological and evolutionary perspectives Journal Article
Edited by: Alistair Sutcliffe, Robin Dunbar, Jens Binder, Holly Arrow
- DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8295.2011.02061.x
- Published Date: July 25, 2011
Psychological studies of relationships tend to focus on specific types of close personal relationships (romantic, parent–offspring, friendship) and examine characteristics of both the individuals and the dyad. This paper looks more broadly at the wider range of relationships that constitute an individual's personal social world. Recent work on the composition of personal social networks suggests that they consist of a series of layers...
A bias for social information in human cultural transmission Journal Article
Edited by: Alex Mesoudi, Andrew Whiten, Robin Dunbar
- DOI: 10.1348/000712605X85871
- Published Date: December 24, 2010
Evolutionary theories concerning the origins of human intelligence suggest that cultural transmission might be biased toward social over non‐social information. This was tested by passing social and non‐social information along multiple chains of participants. Experiment 1 found that gossip, defined as information about intense third‐party social relationships, was transmitted with siginificantly greater accuracy and in significantly...
Edited by: Janet D. Feigenbaum, Peter Fonagy, Stephen Pilling, Alan Jones, Amanda Wildgoose, Paul E. Bebbington
- DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8260.2011.02017.x
- Published Date: May 20, 2011
Objectives. Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) has gained widespread popularity as a treatment for borderline personality disorder (BPD), and its efficacy has been demonstrated in several trials. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of DBT delivered by staff with a level of training readily achievable in National Health Service care settings for individuals with a Cluster B personality disorder. ...
Children's play narrative responses to hypothetical dilemmas and their awareness of moral emotions Journal Article
Edited by: Matthew Woolgar, Howard Steele, Miriam Steele, Susan Yabsley, Peter Fonagy
- DOI: 10.1348/026151001165994
- Published Date: December 23, 2010
Five‐year‐old children's moral development was assessed using a projective doll‐play technique (the MacArthur Story Stem Battery; MSSB), an emotion‐understanding task, concurrent maternal reports of behaviour problems and child performance in a cheating task. Three narrative scales were derived from the children's MSSB play themes: a non‐physical punishment scale, a prosocial scale and an antisocial scale. Thechildren's use of...
Working memory and phonological awareness as predictors of progress towards early learning goals at school entry Journal Article
Edited by: Tracy Packiam. Alloway, Susan Elizabeth. Gathercole, Anne‐Marie. Adams, Catherine. Willis, Rachel. Eaglen, Emily. Lamont
- DOI: 10.1348/026151005X26804
- Published Date: December 23, 2010
This study investigates whether working memory skills of children are related to teacher ratings of their progress towards learning goals at the time of school entry, at 4 or 5 years of age. A sample of 194 children was tested on measures of working memory, phonological awareness, and non‐verbal ability, in addition to the school‐based baseline assessments in the areas of reading, writing, mathematics, speaking and listening, and personal...
Rethinking the psychology of tyranny: The BBC prison study Journal Article
Edited by: S. Alexander Haslam, S. Alexander Haslam
- DOI: 10.1348/014466605X48998
- Published Date: January 12, 2011
This paper presents findings from the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) prison study – an experimental case study that examined the consequences of randomly dividing men into groups of prisoners and guards within a specially constructed institution over a period of 8 days. Unlike the prisoners, the guards failed to identify with their role. This made the guards reluctant to impose their authority and they were eventually overcome by...
After shock? Towards a social identity explanation of the Milgram ‘obedience’ studies Journal Article
Edited by: Stephen Reicher, S. Alexander Haslam
- DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8309.2010.02015.x
- Published Date: March 2, 2011
Russell's forensic archival investigations reveal the great lengths that Milgram went to in order to construct an experiment that would ‘shock the world’. However, in achieving this goal it is also apparent that the drama of the ‘basic’ obedience paradigm draws attention away both from variation in obedience and from the task of explaining that variation. Building on points that Russell and others have made concerning the competing...