Virtual Issue: Sport Psychology

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Edited by Professor David Lavallee, University of Stirling

"The study of sport psychology has a history spanning over 100 years. Ever since Norman Triplett's (1898) ground-breaking publication on social influence on cycling performance, which is often cited as the first experiment in social psychology, psychologists have taken an interest in sport. Coleman Griffith was an educational psychologist who worked as a consultant for collegiate and professional sports teams in the United States in the 1920s and 1930s. Several prominent psychologists around the world also applied their theories and research in sport contexts following Griffith, but this work was conducted sporadically and did not begin to have a noteworthy impact until more recently..." Continue reading the introduction by Professor David Lavallee

Video Abstract by Professor David Lavallee

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Published: 08 Nov 2012

Goal orientations and conceptions of the nature of sport ability in children: A social cognitive approach Journal Article

Edited by: Philippe Sarrazin, Stuart Biddle, Jean Pierre Famose, Francois Cury, Kenneth Fox, Marc Durand

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8309.1996.tb01104.x
  • Published Date: June 6, 2011

Contemporary research in the social psychology of sport has used Nicholls' (1984, 1989) social cognitive theory of goal orientations and motivation in order to gain a better understanding of cognitive, affective and behavioural aspects of sport participation. Success can be defined in at least two different ways that lead to two major goal orientations (task/mastery and social comparison), but little is known about why or how such goals...

Published in: British Journal of Social Psychology - Volume 35 Issue 3 (September 1996)

Children's task and ego goal profiles in sport Journal Article

Edited by: Kenneth Fox, Marios Goudas, Stuart Biddle, Joan Duda, Neil Armstrong

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8279.1994.tb01100.x
  • Published Date: May 13, 2011

The purpose of this study was to examine the combined effects of task and ego goal orientations on children's sport motivation. Participants were 115 boys and 116 girls (mean age = 11.12 yrs). Unlike previous research, where the correlates of the two orientations have been examined separately, this study examined the motivational consequences of different task and ego combinations. Four groups were created based on mean splits on the task...

Published in: British Journal of Educational Psychology - Volume 64 Issue 2 (June 1994)

A catastrophe model of anxiety and performance Journal Article

Edited by: Lew Hardy, Gaynor Parfitt

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1991.tb02391.x
  • Published Date: April 13, 2011

An experiment is reported which tests Fazey & Hardy's (1988) catastrophe model of anxiety and performance. Eight experienced basketball players were required to perform a set shooting task, under conditions of high and low cognitive anxiety. On each of these occasions, physiological arousal was manipulated by means of physical work in such a way that subjects were tested with physiological arousal increasing and decreasing....

Published in: British Journal of Psychology - Volume 82 Issue 2 (May 1991)

More than just a game: Research developments and issues in competitive anxiety in sport Journal Article

Edited by: Graham Jones

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1995.tb02565.x
  • Published Date: April 13, 2011

This paper provides a critical overview of developments and issues in competitive anxiety research. The discussion is divided into sections dealing with general arousal‐based approaches, general anxiety‐based approaches and, finally, multidimensional anxiety‐based approaches. The major emphasis is on multidimensional anxiety‐based approaches, in which a number of factors and issues surrounding the competitive anxiety response are...

Published in: British Journal of Psychology - Volume 86 Issue 4 (November 1995)

Coping style and situational appraisals as predictors of coping strategies following stressful events in sport as a function of gender and skill level Journal Article

Edited by: Mark H. Anshel, Angelo N. Kaissidis

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1997.tb02634.x
  • Published Date: April 13, 2011

The purpose of this study was to examine links between coping style, situational appraisals and the subsequent use of coping strategies in response to acute stress among competitive Australian basketball players (N = 190, 93 men and 97 women, ranging in age from 18 to 44 years). Regression analyses indicated that participants' approach and avoidance coping responses varied across four sport‐related stressful situations. In addition, both personal and...

Published in: British Journal of Psychology - Volume 88 Issue 2 (May 1997)

Interference effects of mental imagery on a motor task Journal Article

Edited by: Craig Hall, Lisa Bernoties, Darlene Schmidt

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1995.tb02555.x
  • Published Date: April 13, 2011

It can be argued that imaginary practice and physical practice are functionally similar. Evidence in support of this hypothesis comes from several experiments demonstrating that interference effects from imaginary practice in motor learning and motor memory are similar in both direction and size to those resulting from physical practice. The purpose of the present study was to provide additional support for this finding using a...

Published in: British Journal of Psychology - Volume 86 Issue 2 (May 1995)

Perceptions of empathic accuracy and assumed similarity in the coach–athlete relationship Journal Article

Edited by: Sophia Jowett, David Clark‐Carter

  • DOI: 10.1348/014466605X58609
  • Published Date: December 24, 2010

Drawing upon the methodology developed by Kenny and Acitelli (2001), this study examined empathic accuracy and assumed similarity in both parties' perceptions of coach–athlete relationships. One hundred and twenty‐one coaches and athletes reported on their direct‐perceptions and meta‐perceptions of closeness, commitment and complementarity (3 Cs; Jowett & Cockerill, 2002), and of satisfaction with instruction, performance and external agents....

Published in: British Journal of Social Psychology - Volume 45 Issue 3 (September 2006)

The differential effect of team members' trust on team performance: The mediation role of team cohesion Journal Article

Edited by: Merce Mach, Simon Dolan, Shay Tzafrir

  • DOI: 10.1348/096317909X473903
  • Published Date: December 24, 2010

This study examines team performance as affected by various trusting relationships: trust between team members and the team's trust in their direct manager and in top management. Data for the study were collected from a survey of 690 professional elite athletes (belonging to 59 different sports clubs) playing in the regular, top professional Spanish leagues. The model was tested at the team level. Findings reveal that team member trust...

Published in: Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology - Volume 83 Issue 3 (September 2010)

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